For our automated deployments we have several Azure Organizational accounts in place. These are created within the Azure Active Directory.

Because these accounts are meant for services, we don’t want them to inherit the default password policy for renewing their passwords every X days. Lucky for us, you can configure this via PowerShell. A short how-to is written on MSDN.

The thing that isn’t written (or referenced) over there is how to run the MSOL cmdlets.

I kept getting the messages `The term 'Set-MsolUser' is not recognized`. By searching a bit on this error I found a thread on the Office365 community forums where someone mentioned the “Microsoft Online Service Module for Windows PowerShell”. This set me off to searching in the right direction. Apparently you need to install a (new/extra) PowerShell module on your system in order to use the MSOL cmdlets. These cmdlets are part of the Office365 and Exchange Online services. A page with download links is provided by Microsoft Support. They provide a link to the Microsoft Online Service Sign-in Assistant for IT Professionals and the Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell (32-bit and 64-bit).

Once installed, you are finally able to use the MSOL cmdlets. Keep in mind though, you have to connect to the MSOL services first using the connection cmdlet.

Connect-MsolService -Credential $azureADCredentials

After connecting to the service, you can change the service account it’s password behavior to `Password Never Expires`.

For reference, this is the script I’ve used when changing the service account password policies:

function Set-CustomerAzureSubscription($subscriptionName)
{
    $azureSubscriptionSecurePassword  = ConvertTo-SecureString -String $azureSubscriptionPassword -AsPlainText -Force
    $azureCredentials = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($azureSubscriptionUsername, $azureSubscriptionSecurePassword)

    Get-AzureAccount
    Add-AzureAccount -Credential $azureCredentials
    Get-AzureSubscription | % { Write-Host "Customer subscription: $($_.SubscriptionName)."}
    
    Write-Host "Selecting $($subscriptionName) as default Customer subscription."
    Select-AzureSubscription -SubscriptionName "$($subscriptionName)"
}

function Set-PasswordNeverExpiresForServiceAccounts($serviceAccountUsername, $serviceAccountPassword)
{
    $azureADCredentialsSecurePassword  = ConvertTo-SecureString -String $serviceAccountPassword -AsPlainText -Force
    $azureADCredentials = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($serviceAccountUsername, $azureADCredentialsSecurePassword)
    Write-Host "Connecting to MSOL"
    Connect-MsolService -Credential $azureADCredentials

    Write-Host "Password never expires status of $($serviceAccountUsername)"
    Get-MSOLUser -UserPrincipalName $serviceAccountUsername | Select PasswordNeverExpires
    Write-Host "Setting password never expires status of $($serviceAccountUsername) to 'true'"
    Set-MsolUser -UserPrincipalName $serviceAccountUsername -PasswordNeverExpires $true
    Write-Host "Password never expires status of $($serviceAccountUsername)"
    Get-MSOLUser -UserPrincipalName $serviceAccountUsername | Select PasswordNeverExpires
}

Set-CustomerAzureSubscription $devSubscription
Set-PasswordNeverExpiresForServiceAccounts $devServiceAccount $devPassword

Set-CustomerAzureSubscription $accSubscription
Set-PasswordNeverExpiresForServiceAccounts $accServiceAccount $accPassword

Set-CustomerAzureSubscription $prodSubscription
Set-PasswordNeverExpiresForServiceAccounts $prodServiceAccount $prodPassword

While creating the PowerShell scripts for automatic deployment of the project’s Azure environment I discovered there are multiple Azure PowerShell modules.

When you want to manage a single resource, such as storage accounts, websites, databases, virtual machines, and media services, you need the (default) Azure module. However, when you need to manage resource groups, you will need the AzureResourceManager module.

This is useful information if you want to deploy new Azure websites with a specific hosting plan, like Basic or Standard. To create such websites the command Get-AzureResourceGroup is necessary. If you use PowerShell ISE you will notice this command isn’t available. In order to make this command available, run the following:

Switch-AzureMode AzureResourceManager

Doing so will activate the AzureResourceManager module and you will have a couple of different commands available.

If you want to see which commands are available within this module, run this command:

Get-Command -Module AzureResourceManager | Get-Help | Format-Table Name, Synopsis

Switching back to the ‘normal’ Azure module is also very easy. You just need to switch back to the different AzureMode again.

Switch-AzureMode -Name AzureServiceManagement

After switching back, all your normal commands are back again.

Keep in mind, if you need both modules, you need to switch between the AzureModes in your script also!

There are quite a couple of Azure cmdlets made available by Microsoft. All of this sweetness can be installed on your system via the Web Platform Installer. After installing these modules you can start managing your Azure subscription in PowerShell scripts.

Most of the stuff for managing your Azure subscription is implemented in these Azure cmdlets. One of the things which isn’t implemented (yet) is managing the Service Busses in your subscription. It is possible to add, delete and get a new Service Bus namespace with the New-AzureSBNamespace, Remove-AzureSBNamespace and Get-AzureSBNamespace cmdlets, but that’s all you get. You will probably understand, this isn’t enough if you want to deploy your complete environment via a PowerShell script.

Luckily for us we have the ability to use all of the .NET libraries and assemblies on your system. When you search online you will probably find some articles describing how to create service bus queues in C# by using the NamespaceManager. I’ve written some PowerShell which uses this class and creates queues in your subscription.

#First, create a new service bus namespace. This doesn't return the newly created object
New-AzureSBNamespace -Name $servicebusNamespace -Location $locationWestEUDataCenter -CreateACSNamespace $true
#Get the newly created service bus namespace, so we can do stuff with the information.
$azureServicebus = Get-AzureSBNamespace -Name $servicebusNamespace

#We need a tokenprovider for proper credentials
$tokenProvider = [Microsoft.ServiceBus.TokenProvider]::CreateSharedSecretTokenProvider("owner", $azureServicebus.DefaultKey)
#The uri of the namespace
$namespaceUri = [Microsoft.ServiceBus.ServiceBusEnvironment]::CreateServiceUri("sb", $servicebusNamespace, "");
#Now we can finally crate a NamespaceManger which has the power to create new queues.
$namespaceManager = New-Object Microsoft.ServiceBus.NamespaceManager $namespaceUri,$tokenProvider

Write-Host "Creating the queues" -ForegroundColor Green -BackgroundColor Black
#Creating the queues should work by now.
$namespaceManager.CreateQueue($nameOfTheServiceBusQueue)

If you want to start over, you can just delete the complete namespace and run the script again. This can be done with the following command.

Remove-AzureSBNamespace -Name $servicebusNamespace -Force

This script works on my machine, however you do need to import you subscription. How this is done is explained all over the web, but I’ll add it over here for reference.

Adding your subscription can be done with the commands below.

#This will download the settings file.
Get-AzurePublishSettingsFile
#This will import the downloaded settingsfile
Import-AzurePublishSettingsFile -PublishSettingsFile "..\theDownloadedSettingsFile.publishsettings"

At this moment the scripts above are working properly. When, or if, Microsoft publishes new cmdlets to manage the service busses I would recommend using them as it’s probably a lot safer compared to self-made scripts.

Om het gebruik van Windows Powershell een beetje te bemoedigen is er een gratis Powershell boek beschikbaar gesteld.

Engineer Mark Fugatt heeft de link beschikbaar gesteld.
http://blogs.technet.com/mfugatt/archive/2007/06/11/free-windows-powershell-book.aspx

Aangezien de links op MS websites vaak veranderen heb ik de download ook maar op m'n eigen webspace gezet. Daar weet ik tenminste zeker dat het er op blijft staan (mits de server niet weer crashed).

Wat ik uit het boek kon halen is dat de nieuwe Powershell enorm gaaf is. Het is natuurlijk niet zo'n luxe UI zoals we zijn gewend, maar je kunt er toch leuke dingen mee doen.

Bij deze dus de handleiding http://www.freezco.com/Downloads/Developer/Windows%20Powershell%20-%20EN.zip